Research themes for oceanography must provide improvised, fundamental and scientific understanding, monitor data collection and information management. It must assess the impact of human activities and reflect interest in bringing about global change on ocean inclusive of climate change, acidification and nutrient loading. For global chain, knowledge of arctic water, deep water, and marine bio diversity is important. The research questions, problems must inform decision making in multi levels and root for development or coordinated strategy by researchers and policy makers.
Ocean is a key feature of country’s culture, environment, public health and economy. They are integral to culture of aboriginal people and coastal communities. There is greater dependency on ocean for supply of food, mineral resources, transportation, employment in oceanic industries, recreation etc. Oceanic industries employ a huge population and contribute to the overall GDP of the country every year.
A healthy ocean contributes to many global cycles essential for living. Dependence on ocean is growing even more in the wake of global change like climate change, acidification, overfishing, pollution, resource extraction, oceanic sciences including study of atmospheric circulation changes, climate, water, carbon and nitrogen cycle, sea ice changes, sea level changes, biological diversity, food webs, health, fishing, pollution, and changes due to human civilization, economy, population, energy, usage of resource, transport, development, communication, urbanization, land use, and globalization. Although knowledge on ocean has developed, but certain process area are under evaluated like role of microbial life and biodiversity, interaction between biological, physical and chemical process in ocean, sea floor and atmosphere have not been researched in Ocean science.
Some research problems for oceanic research:
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